Frequently Asked Questions
We know that language within the cybersecurity sector can often appear confusing and inaccessible. Here are some explanations of the more common terms and questions.
What is a Cyber Attack?
Malicious attempts to damage, disrupt or gain unauthorised access to computer systems, networks or devices, via cyber means. Learn more about reporting a cybersecurity incident.
What is a Cyber Incident?
A breach of the security rules for a system or service - most commonly;
Attempts to gain unauthorised access to a system and/or to data.
Unauthorised use of systems for the processing or storing of data.
Changes to a systems firmware, software or hardware without the system owners consent.
Malicious disruption and/or denial of service.
What is Cybersecurity?
The protection of devices, services and networks — and the information on them — from theft or damage.
What is Malware?
Malware is one of the most common threats to businesses and the public, it can cause devastation if it successfully infects and spreads through a computer network. Malware is a computer program which is purpose-built to damage infrastructure, spy on users, steal sensitive information or lock users out of their data and how people to ransom.
What does DDoS stand for?
DDoS is a distributed denial-of-service (DDoS) attack, it’s a malicious attempt to disrupt the normal traffic of a targeted server, service or network by overwhelming the target or its surrounding infrastructure with a flood of Internet traffic.
From a high level, a DDoS attack is like an unexpected traffic jam clogging up the highway, preventing regular traffic from arriving at its destination.
What is Spear Phishing?
Spear Phishing is when hackers attempt to convince their targets to send sensitive information (passwords and usernames) by impersonating individuals, organisations or businesses.
Read more information about common cybersecurity threats with the latest guidance and factsheets.
What is Brand Impersonation?
This is where an e-commerce website or social media account is imitated for fraud. Learn more.
What is a Vulnerability Assessment?
A vulnerability assessment is a process of identifying existing weaknesses within your network. It can be host-based, network-based, wireless, application, or within your database. Learn more.
What is an Extortion Attempt?
Extortion emails are often attempting to trick the victim into paying large amounts of money based on a threat to expose personal information to family, work and friends. Learn more.
What is a Smishing Text Message?
Smishing attempts are a common method of attack, often posing as well-known organisations that the target is likely to have an account with. Learn more.
What is the Cyber Resilience Centre?
The Cyber Resilience Centre for Greater Manchester (CRCGM) is a not-for-profit venture between Greater Manchester Police and Manchester Digital.
We are here to provide businesses of all sizes with access to affordable cybersecurity services, the latest guidance and support from leading law enforcement and industry experts and help them take simple steps to protect their business from unscrupulous cybercriminals.
Is the Cyber Resilience Centre UK-wide?
We were the first Centre to launch in the country, leading a growing network of regional centres being established to form a national network of Cyber Resilience Centres and BRIM.
What is Cyber Essentials?
Cyber Essentials is an independently verified self-assessment certification which gives your business the protection against the most common cyber attacks.
Who are our Trusted Suppliers?
Our Trusted Suppliers are certifying bodies with premises-based and operating in Greater Manchester and the North West that have been accredited by IASME, selected by the National Cyber Security Centre to oversee Cyber Essentials.
Who are the Founding Partners?
We work with a small number of founding partners to support the critical work it does to help protect the business community across Greater Manchester from the threat of Cybercrime. The contribution from founding partners helps the centre to employ people, manage running costs and highlight the support network that is available to businesses who have suffered an attack or need cyber support services.
What is the Guidance Council?
The Cyber Resilience Centre Guidance Council is made up of representatives from across Policing, the private and public sectors and academia, to provide representation for the wider cyber interests of the Greater Manchester business community.
The Guidance Council will help to support our aims and objectives, whilst helping to shape the activity of the centre in a meaningful capacity, drawing on the expert knowledge of its members.
What is the Cyber Expert Group?
The Cyber Expert Group was established in March 2020 to bring together Chief Information Security Officers (CISOs) and Cyber Experts based in Greater Manchester and the North West in a collaborative and non-competitive way to represent the wider cyber interest of the Greater Manchester business community.
The group works in partnership with the Cyber Resilience Centre to support our mission working with businesses to grow and strengthen their resilience against cybercrime and threats.